Fluoride is the most effective
agent available to help prevent tooth decay. It is a mineral that is
naturally present in varying amounts in almost all foods and water
supplies. The benefits of fluoride have been well known for over 50
years and are supported by many health and professional organizations.
Fluoride works in two ways:
strengthens the teeth once they have erupted by seeping into the outer
surface of the tooth enamel, making the teeth more resistant to decay.
We gain topical fluoride by using fluoride containing dental products
such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and gels. Dentists and dental
hygienists generally recommend that children have a professional
application of fluoride twice a year during dental check-ups.
strengthens the teeth that have erupted as well as those that are
developing under the gums. We gain systemic fluoride from most foods
and our community water supplies. It is also available as a supplement
in drop or gel form and can be prescribed by your dentist or physician.
Generally, fluoride drops are recommended for infants, and tablets are
best suited for children up through the teen years. It is very
important to monitor the amounts of fluoride a child ingests. If too
much fluoride is consumed while the teeth are developing, a condition
called fluorosis (white spots on the teeth) may result.
Although most people receive
fluoride from food and water, sometimes it is not enough to help prevent
decay. Your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend the use of home
and/or professional fluoride treatments for the following reasons:
Deep pits and fissures on the chewing surfaces of teeth.
Exposed and sensitive root surfaces.
Fair to poor oral hygiene habits.
Frequent sugar and carbohydrate intake.
Inadequate exposure to fluorides.
Inadequate saliva flow due to medical conditions, medical treatments or medications.
Recent history of dental decay.
Remember, fluoride alone will
not prevent tooth decay. It is important to brush at least twice a day,
floss regularly, eat balanced meals, reduce sugary snacks, and visit
your dentist on a regular basis.