A comprehensive dental exam will be performed
by your dentist at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up
exams, your dentist and hygienist will include the following:
Examination of diagnostic x-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
Professional Dental Cleaning
Professional dental cleanings (dental prophylaxis)
are usually performed by Registered Dental Hygienists. Your cleaning
appointment will include a dental exam and the following:
- Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is
hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now
firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below
the gum line and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
- Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky,
almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony
of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce
toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start
of periodontal disease!
- Teeth polishing: Remove stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.